हातले टेकेर चारजनाको परिवार पाल्दै पुष्पबहादुर

गोविन्द लामिछाने

इलाम, ४ साउन । पोलियो रोगका कारण दुवै खुट्टा कामै नलाग्ने भएपछि मोरङ मङ्गलबारेका पुष्पबहादुर बोहोरा (५७) का जीवनमा कहिल्यै खुशीका दिन आएनन् । सबैथोकको भर हात भएपछि हात टेकेर हिँड्नुपर्ने उहाँको बाध्यता छ ।

चौध वर्षको उमेरमा पोलियो रोग लागेपछि उहाँ दुवै खुट्टाले अपांग हुनुभयो । उपचारका लागि उत्तिबेलै धरानस्थित बिपी कोइराला स्वास्थ्य विज्ञान प्रतिष्ठान (घोपा) गए पनि निको भएन ।  बाँकी अंश >>

दृष्टिविहीन परिवारले पाउने भयो घर

काठमाडौं, ४ साउन ।

Gigri-padeहास्य कलाकार कुमार कट्टेल (जिग्री)ले आज आफ्नो जन्मदिनमा सामाजिक अभियान स्वरूप सप्तरीका दृष्टिविहीन परिवारलाई घर उपहार दिने भएका छन् ।

‘आफ्नो जन्मदिनको अवसरमा सामाजिक अभियानस्वरूप सप्तरीका दृष्टिविहीन परिवारलाई घर उपहार दिन लागेकोमा बधाई । कलाकारितासँगै आँट गरेका हरेक काम यसैगरी सफल बनून् । ती तिम्रा पाइला प्रगतिपथमा लम्किरहुन् फेरि पनि शुभकामना,’ हास्य कलाकार सीताराम कट्टेल धुर्मुसले  भाइ कुमारको तारिफ गर्दै बुधबार फेसबुकमा दुवैको तस्बिरसहित स्टाटस लेखेका छन् ।

जिग्री पाँडे फाउन्डेसमार्फत सप्तरी गमहरिया प्रवाह–४ स्थित पट्टिटोलमा उनीहरूले घर हस्तान्तरण गर्न लागेका हुन् । शम्भु मण्डलको परिवारमा १७ जना छन । त्यसमा एक बालकसहित पाँचजना दृष्टिविहीन छन ।

विक्रम दर्जीले पाए व्हीलचेयर

बिर्तामोड ।

विक्रम दर्जीलाई व्हीलचेयर हस्तान्तरण गरिँदै

विक्रम दर्जीलाई व्हीलचेयर हस्तान्तरण गरिँदै

शारीरिक रुपमा अशक्त भएका बिक्रम दर्जीले गत असार १४ गतेको स्थानीय तहको निर्वाचनमा विक्रम भोट हाल्न गए । उनले भोट हालेको तस्वीर दमकका पत्रकार अर्जुन राजबंशीले जब कान्तिपुरका पठाए, तब उनको फोटो भाइरल बन्यो । त्यही विक्रमले भोट हाल्दै गरेको तस्वीर काठमाडौंका पत्रकार, अपांगता सरोकार.कमका प्रधान सम्पादक गजेन्द्र बुढाथोकीले सामाजिक सञ्जालमा शेयर गरे । बाँकी अंश >>

अन्तर ध्यानबाट भविष्य हेर्दै दृष्टिविहीन महाप्रसाद

गोपालप्रसाद पोखरेल

पथरी (मोरङ), २ साउन ।

दृष्टिविहीन व्यक्तिले चिना टिपन (ज्योतिष) हेरेर घर खर्च चलाएका छन्भन्दा सायदै पत्याउन सकिएला तर मोरङको बेलबारी–३ का ५१ वर्षीय महाप्रसाद दाहालको व्यवसाय नै ज्योतिष तथा हात हेर्ने हो ।

sketch courtesy: Repartee Gallery

sketch courtesy: Repartee Gallery

सात वर्षदेखि बेलबारीमा डेरा बस्दै आउनुभएका महाप्रसादको डेरामा शनिबार र मङ्गलबार भविष्य हेर्न आउनेको भीड नै लाग्ने गर्छ । बाँकी अंश >>

प्रतिभावान लोकगायक गर्बुजा पुरस्कृत

पोखरा, १ साउन ।

लोकगीतका पारखीहरूलाई गायक खड्ग गर्बुजाको लामो परिचय आवश्यक पर्दैन होला । शारीरिक रूपले अपाङ्गता भएपनि निरन्तरताको लगाव र परिश्रमका कारण गर्बुजाले आफूलाई स्थापित कलाकारको नाममा स्थापित गराएका छन् ।

khadga (2)तिनै लोकगायक खड्ग गर्बुजालाई अर्जुन नेपाली स्मृति संगीत पुरस्कार शनिबार प्रदान गरिएको छ ।मौलिक लोकभाका र नेपाली लोकसंगीतका क्षेत्रमा विशेष योगदान पु¥याएबापत संगीत प्रशिक्षण केन्द्र पोखराले उहाँलाई सम्मान गरेको हो । प्रत्येक दुई वर्षमा कुनै एक व्यक्ति वा संस्थालाई प्रदान गरिने सो पुरस्कारको राशि रु १५ हजार छ ।

नेपाल संगीत तथा नाट्य प्रज्ञा–प्रतिष्ठानका कुलपति सरुभक्तले सो पुरस्कारबाट गर्बुजालाई पुरस्कृत गर्दै ‘इच्छा र आत्मबल’को अगाडि शारीरिक समस्या ठूलो कुरा नभएको बताउनुभयो ।

पुरस्कृत व्यक्तित्व गर्बुजाले आफू दुःख र अभावबाट गायक बनेको बताउँदै आफूले छिट्टै ‘आत्मकथा’ बजारमा ल्याउन लागेको जानकारी दिनुभयो । गजल सन्ध्याका अध्यक्ष एवम् सञ्चारकर्मी अमृत सुवेदीले गर्बुजा गायक मात्रै नभई प्रत्येकले सुन्नैपर्ने गीत र पढ्नुपर्ने नलेखिएका पुस्तक भएको बताउनुभयो । पुरस्कृत व्यक्तित्वको परिचय दिँदै उहाँले भन्नुभयो, “१५ वर्षमै लाहुरे हुन हिँडेको, एक वर्ष भारतमा सर्कस, कोइला खानीदेखि होटलमा भाडा माँझ्ने कामसम्म गरी फर्केर विसं २०४३ मा घाँस काट्न जाँदा भिरबाट लडेर दुवै खुट्टा गुमाएका व्यक्ति अहिले देशको प्रसिद्ध गायक बनेका छन् ।”

‘आकाशैमुनि’, ‘हेर्दाहेर्दै कान्छीले’लगायत ‘कर्खा’, ‘झ््याउरे’, ‘सालैजो’, ‘यानीमाया’का चर्चित गीत गाउनुभएका गर्बुजाले गोरखा दक्षिणबाहु, राष्ट्रिय प्रतिभा पुरस्कार, अरुण स्मृति संगीत पुरस्कारलगायत दर्जनौँ पुरस्कार तथा सम्मान पाउनुभएको छ ।

“पैसाकै अभावमा गर्बुजा दुःख, पीरका गीत सुनाउँदै हिँड्थे । उनलाई देखेर कतिले कठै भनिदिन्थे, गीत सुनेर कतिले रुमालमा पैसा राखिदिन्थे”, सुवेदीले भन्नुभयो, “यसरी रुमालमा जम्मा भएको पैसाले उहाँ बाग्लुङको बलेवाबाट जहाजमा पहिलो पटक काठमाडौँ पुग्नुभएको थियो ।”

कवि तीर्थ श्रेष्ठ संयोजक तथा हरिदेवी कोइराला र कृष्णबहादुर सदस्य रहेको प्रतिभा छनोट समितिले गर्बुजालाई पुरस्कृत गर्ने निर्णय गरेको थियो । रासस

पाँच अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्तिलाई सिलाइ मेसिन

मोरङ, ३१ असार (रासस) ।

दलित समन्वय नगरसमिति उर्लाबारीले पाँचजना अपाङ्गता भएका दलितलाई सिलाइ मेसिन वितरण गरेको छ । आज उर्लाबारी– ४ स्थित रामेश्वर शिवालय मन्दिरमा आयोजित स्थानीय तहमा नवनिर्वाचित जनप्रतिनिधिलाई सम्मान तथा सिलाइ मेसिन वितरण कार्यक्रममा पाँचजना अपाङ्गता भएका दलित तथा तिनका आश्रित परिवारलाई मेसिन वितरण गरिएको हो ।

उर्लाबारी नगरपालिकाको सहयोगमा प्राप्त सिलाइ मेसिन उर्लाबारीका प्रेमकुमारी बर्देवा, विश्वेश्वरी विश्वकर्मा, हर्कमाया विश्वकर्मा, मायाशङ्कर र दिलबहादुर दर्जीलाई वितरण गरिएको हो । कार्यक्रममा उर्लाबारी नगरपालिकाका प्रमुख खड्ग फाँगो, उपप्रमुख लक्ष्मी भण्डारी, नगरपालिकाका कार्यकारी अधिकृत अम्बिकाप्रसाद चौलागाईंले उनीहरुलाई सिलाइ मेसिन प्रदान गर्नुभएको थियो ।

कार्यक्रममा नवनिर्वाचित नगर प्रमुख फाँगो, उपप्रमुख भण्डारीका साथै वडाध्यक्ष, सदस्यलाई समितिले सम्मान तथा बधाई ज्ञापन गरेको थियो ।

Disability Sensitive Concept of Local Government

According to the Constitution of Nepal 2072, the responsibility for the management of people living with disabilities is now up on the local government. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the local government to develop and implement programmes for the welfare and overall management of the people with disability.  

Gajendra Budhathoki

Disabilty FriendlyThere are variations in consensual opinion about the exact statistics and situation of people with disabilities in Nepal. Though the National Census 2011 claims approximately 2 per cent of Nepalese live with some kind of disabilities. But human rights activists working on this issue do not agree upon this data because this ratio is very negligible in comparison to developed countries. Accepted by and large, the most developed country in the world, USA also has 19 per cent of its population with disability as shown by its authentic statistics whereas Centre for Disease Control and Prevention shows that 22 per cent of its adult citizens are living with some kind of disabilities. Similarly, UK also has 19 per cent of its citizens in disable conditions. As per the statistics, China, the most populated country in the world, has about 7 per cent of its population disable.

According to the first international disability report of WHO/World Bank (World Disability Report 2010), 15 per cent of world’s population has disability. Therefore, the ratio of disability showing less than 10 per cent in the developing country like Nepal is less convincing. There are several reasons behind doing so, among which hiding the disability of family members by the household is prime. Beyond this the state might have published less statistics of disables to prevent itself from the possible liabilities towards the issue.

The bill drafted for the integration and amendment of the laws related to the rights of disable people is under consideration in the parliament which has classified and defined 10 different types of disabilities. They are: 1. Physical disability 2. Visual impairment (Blindness) 3. Hearing impairment (Deafness)  4. Hearing and visual disability (Deaf-blindness) 5. Speech or language impairment 6. Mental and psychosocial disability 7. Intellectual disability  8. Hereditary Hemophilia related disability 9. Autism 10. Multiple disability. Whatsoever may be the reasons behind showing less number of disable people, it is one of the complex and unavoidable issue of our society and country.

It is the duty and responsibility of the government (all three levels: central/federal/local) to assure opportunity, social inclusion and social security of the people with disability. The situation in our context is even more vulnerable.

People With Disabilities  also have similar and equal human rights as other people. In addition, the day to day life of  people with disability is even more difficult; therefore, the state should have special obligations towards these people. But it’s a paradox that our wrong traditional concept (disability is caused due to the sin committed in previous life) and due to irresponsive government, people’s representatives and administrators, the issues of disable people are not addressed properly resulting lack of disable-friendly infrastructures and service delivery. Due to all these reasons the people with disability are facing hindrances in every steps of their daily life.

The rule for public building construction says that every public infrastructure either constructed by government or private sector should be disable-friendly. But it has not been enforced primarily compulsory and weak provisions of penalty for violation of this rule has made the concerned stakeholders indifferent.

Almost all the government offices, except for some, roads, paths and parks are not disable-friendly.  Schools, colleges and universities are not seen thoughtful about disable people could be their students. The concept of needs of the people with disability still have not emerged in private industries, business and corporate foundations, hotels, restaurants and theatres. They are found indifferent about the people with disability that they can also be their employees, service providers or clients.

 The situation at present is not just to find where there are problems for the people with disability but to see where there are not.

The state, since a few years back, has started providing social security allowance to the people with disability but it is very much biased and insufficient. At present the government distributes four different categories of identity cards for the disable people, viz, a. complete disability, b. severe disability, c. Mild disability, and. d. General disability. The government provides Rs. 2000 ($20) as social security allowance to ‘Completely disable persons’ whereas only Rs. 600 ($20) is provided to the ‘Severely disable persons’ who are only slightly different than the former ones and even all of them are not receiving it.

According to the government statistics, there are 600,000 people living with disability throughout the country but only about 200,000 have received the disability identity card. Among them 3700 have received red card (complete disability) and 49000 have received blue card (severe disability). Those persons with disability having red card receive Rs. 2000 ($20) every month and those with blue receive Rs. 600 ($6) as social security allowance. But among the blue-card-holders, 60% are either not provided with the allowance or have not taken it because they feel ashamed of receiving the grant as it is very minimal; even not sufficient for medicines. Therefore, most of the people with severe disability have announced to relegate this allowance.

Details of disability identity card distribution

SNo.

Type of Identity Card

Total number of distributed Identity card until the end of March 2017, fiscal year 2016/17

Female

Male

Total

01

Red (Complete disability)

16308

20977

37285

02

Blue (Severe disability)

8863

40214

49077

03

Yellow (Mild disability)

27041

39798

66839

04

White (General disability)

19034

27255

46289

Grand Total

71246

128244

199490

After the recent local election, the elected local representatives have started their jobs. According to the Constitution of Nepal 2072, the responsibility for the management of people living with disabilities is now up on the local government. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the local government to develop and implement programmes for the welfare and overall management of the people with disability.

Due to the lack of availability of amenities and opportunities in rural areas, the settlement of the number of people with disability has been largely concentrated to the urban areas of our country. It is estimated that about 1 hundred 50 thousand people with disability are living only in Kathmandu valley. Therefore, targeting the people with disability, both the metropolis–Kathmandu and Lalitpur along with all the other municipalities in the valley, should develop special programmes and jointly effort to mould the valley into ‘disable-friendly’ city.

a) Infrastructure:

Each and every urban infrastructure should compulsorily be made disable sensitive. According to the new administrative provisions, rights and responsibilities of many district level government offices are shifting to local government. But the available infrastructures of these local and government authorities are not even proper and adequate for general people. So, how could they be appropriate for the disable people to receive the services?

Every citizen should have easy access upon all the services delivered by the local level (government), therefore, every office should be made disable-friendly.

Some certain types of roads also come under the scope of local government; so, infrastructures of every such road should be disable-friendly.

b) Education:

Except for some handful number of educational institutions, most of them are not disable-friendly. Two years ago a boy from Ilam, who just had passed SLC exam, searched disable-friendly institution in his district for his higher studies but could not find any and came to Kathmandu. He visited nearly two dozens of higher secondary schools in the capital city and found none of them with adequate disable-friendly infrastructures. This is just a representative event.

Currently the education up to class 10 has been shifted to local level’s authority so the local government should pay special attention towards all those government/community as well as private schools to make them disable-friendly.

c) Health:

Local government at a minimum should take initiation for health insurance and provide health facilities wherever needed for the people with disabilities and their families. Besides it should also set free health check-up service once a year in its annual programme.

d) Opportunity:

The policy for the implementation of provision of positive discrimination should be adopted so as to provide special priority to the people with disability in any type of employment that arise or are created in local level.

e) Income:

Income generating activities/trainings should be conducted through the local ward offices to avail/develop employment opportunities to the people with disability in private and community sector as well as to develop self-employment opportunities.

f) Tax Exemption:

The existing Income Tax Act of Nepal has provision of tax exemption up to 50% for the people with disability in their taxable income. Therefore, in this context, the local authority should also develop provisions of tax exemption for the enterprises/trades run by the people with disability.

g) End of Discrimination and Legal Security:

Special initiation should be adopted in local level to eliminate all types of existing social discrimination against people with disability. The local government should also adopt special policies to help such people legally whenever they are in need of.

The author, Mr. Budhathoki, is Advisor in Nepal Government’s High Level Mechanism on Affairs Related to Disability.  

Translated By  : Mr. Punya Bhandari and Mr. Netra Bhandari

साझा यातायातमा अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्तिलाई निःशुल्क सेवा

sajha-yatayatसरोकार संवाददाता

काठमाडौँ, १३ असार

साझा यातायातले ज्येष्ठ नागरिक, गरिब परिचयपत्र बोकेका नागरिक, अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्ति तथा पाँच वर्षमुनिका बालबालिकालले समेत निःशुल्क सेवा दिने भएको छ ।

आज महानगरपालिका र साझा यातायातबीच भएको पुरक सम्झौतामा ७० वर्ष पुगेका जेष्ठ नागरिक र अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्तिलाई परिचयपत्रका आधारमा निःशुल्क सेवा दिने उल्लेख छ ।

ज्येष्ठ नागरिकका साथै, क र ख वर्गका अपाङ्गता भएकालाई पनि उपत्यका भित्र साझा यातायातका जुनसुकै बस चढ्दा भाडा तिर्नु नपर्ने साझाले जनाएको छ। अहिले साझा यातायातका बसहरू काठमाडौं उपत्यकासहित बाहिर पनि जान्छन्।

महानगरले प्रदान गरेको ५ करोड रूपैयाबाट साझाले नेपालमै पहिलोपटक भित्रिने ‘सेमी लो फ्लोर’ बस ल्याउनेछ । यसका लागि साझाले आपूर्तिकर्ता कम्पनीसँग सम्झौता गरिसकेको छ । यो बसमा चढ्न र ओर्लन अपांगता भएका तथा अशक्त बिरामीहरुलाई कुनै लिफ्टको जरुरत पर्नेछैन ।

साझाले अहिले ल्याएको बसमा म्यानुअल लिफ्ट छ । जसमा अपाङ्गता भएका व्यक्तिहरुलाई चढाउने र ओराल्ने समयमा समयमा मान्छेले मेहेनत गरेर जोड्नुपर्छ । तर, लो फ्लोरको बसमा भने चढ्न ओर्लन कुनै असहज हुँदैन ।

 

 

 

अपाङ्गता भएका कर्मचारीले चलाउने नमुना मतदान केन्द्र

बैतडी, १३ असार ।

नेपालमै पहिलो पटक अपाङ्गता भएका कर्मचारीकै रेखदेख र नियन्त्रणमा बैतडीमा एउटा मतदान केन्द्र सञ्चालन गरिने भएको छ । दशरथचन्द नगरपालिकामा अपाङ्ता भएका व्यक्ति संवेदनशील मतदान केन्द्रलाई विषेश मतदान केन्द्रका रुपमा राखिएको हो ।

दशरथचन्द नगरपालिका– १ को गुरुखोला ‘ख’ केन्द्रमा मतदान अधिकृत जीतबहादुर रोकायासहित छजना अपाङ्गता भएका कर्मचारी मात्रै खटाइएको छ । सबैजना शारीरिक अपाङ्गता भएका कर्मचारीलाई समेटेर एउटा छुट्टै मतदान केन्द्र स्थापना गरिएको फुयाँलले जिल्ला निर्वाचन अधिकारी माधवप्रसाद फुयाँलले जानकारी दिनुभयो ।

केही जिल्लाका निर्वाचन केन्द्रलाइ अपाङ्ता भएका व्यक्ति संवेदनशील मतदान केन्द्र बनाइएको भए पनि पूर्णरूपमा अपाङ्गता भएकै कर्मचारीमात्रैले चलाएको यो नेपालकै पहिलो मतदान केन्द्र हुने छ । बाँकी अंश >>

Texas water park for the disabled takes accessible to the next level

By Paige Levin/ CNN

worlds-first-fully-accessible-water-park-trnd-exlarge-169When the Morgan’s Inspiration Island water park opens in San Antonio on Saturday, visitors won’t find any wheelchair ramps at one of the park’s main attractions: the riverboat adventure.

Instead, the boats will rise to meet them, so guests with disabilities can avoid the trouble that often accompanies those with special needs at amusement parks. बाँकी अंश >>

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